Issues that affect the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage.


Orthopaedics diseases or conditions are disorders that affect the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues. These conditions can range from congenital disorders to degenerative diseases, traumatic injuries, and inflammatory conditions. Here are some common Orthopaedics diseases:

Osteoarthritis (OA): This is a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage in the joints, leading to pain, swelling, and decreased joint mobility. It commonly affects weight-bearing joints such as the knees, hips, and spine.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): RA is an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the joints. It leads to inflammation, pain, and joint deformities. Unlike osteoarthritis, RA can affect multiple joints throughout the body.

Osteoporosis: This condition involves the loss of bone density and strength, making bones more susceptible to fractures. Osteoporosis is more common in older adults, particularly postmenopausal women.

Fractures: Broken bones can result from trauma or stress on the bone. Fractures can vary in severity, from hairline fractures to complete breaks.

Ligament Injuries: Injuries to ligaments, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee or the rotator cuff in the shoulder, are common Orthopaedics problems. These injuries often occur during sports activities or accidents.

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